Since conflict erupted in December 2013, some 1.17 (UNICEF and UNESCO put this figure at 2 million) million children aged 3 to 17 years have lost access to education. The Primary Net Enrolment rate is now 43.5% due to conflict, displacements, lack of trained teachers, inadequate supplies, and disruption of education services fueled by the economic crisis. In addition, some 124,100-refugee children in South Sudan will need education assistance in 2018 onward. Affected People of South Sudan school-aged children (3 to 18 years old) have been endangered and had their education disrupted by conflict and displacement. Adolescent boys and young men are particularly vulnerable to recruitment by armed actors. At the same time, adolescent girls are at increased risk of early and forced marriages, as well as sexual exploitation and abuses, due to the escalating economic crisis. School-aged children represent more than 47.75% of the displaced population. Education infrastructure has also been dramatically impacted by violence. This interruption of education will have immediate, medium and long-term consequences for the stability and development of South Sudan, as children who are not in school will lack the structure and stimulation for healthy cognitive and psychosocial development. Furthermore, the education crisis increases the risk that more out-of-school adolescents will be recruited by armed actors. Children, parents and the communities consider education a critical priority.
- Access to education: Improve inclusive access to education through recruitment, training and motivation of teachers, construction and rehabilitation of learning spaces, provision of teaching and learning materials, capacity development for local education managers and community elders.
- Education governance and leadership: Improve governance and established ownership of schools by communities through establishment, training and continuous coaching of School Management committees, Parents Teachers Associations – PTAs and the school communities.
- Retention programmes in schools: Reduce school dropout and out-of-school children in the communities through on-site school meals, take-home ration, and provision of dignity kits to adolescent girls in schools.
- Girl child education: Increase girl’s enrollment and retention in schools through Comprehensive sexuality education training for adolescent girls to minimize cases of unwanted pregnancy, proper menstrual hygiene management, and provision of capitation grants and scholarships to keep girls in schools. Community advocacy will also be fully enhanced.
- Out of school youth programmes: Support out of school skills training and livelihoods programmes to cater for the out of school youth. Establishment of youth drop-in centers, more ALP centers, vocational skills centers and inter-linking livelihood projects to education.
- Child protection in an emergency: ensure the mental and physical safety of children through trauma identification, psychosocial support, child protection case management, referral to specialized services, referral pathways and reintegration of Children Association with Armed Forces or Armed Groups (CAAFAG). All staff employed by CMD signs a child protection code of conduct and are governed by CMD’s child protection policy.